Located in the desert state of Rajasthan, Ranthambore National Park is spread around an area of 392 sq kilometers and is situated in the Sawai Madhopur district. The reserve forest is located on the edge of a plateau and is bordered on two sides by the Chambal and the Banas rivers. The forests in Ranthambore surround the historical Ranthambore fort and were once used by the Kachwaha Rajput Family that ruled the region with the city of Jaipur as the capital, as a hunting and gaming reserve. After the independence the Indian Government established the forests as a reserve forest in 1955 and a Tiger reserve in 1973. The area was then enlarged in the subsequent years and now encompasses the Sawai Man Singh and the Keladevi Wildlife sanctuaries. The sanctuary is famous for its vast and extremely camera friendly Tiger population and is visited by tourists from all around the globe. The park comprises of a typical deciduous forest which is common with most jungles in the central Indian region. It is also a home to 539 various species of flowering plants and the terrain mostly comprises of forests and open grasslands.
[Also see: List of Best National Parks in India]
Being located in Rajasthan, Ranthambore enjoys a dry subtropical climate. The summer months start from March and continue till mid-July. The temperatures can be extreme during these months and can go up to 40 degrees. The monsoon months start from late-July and the area receives moderate rainfall till the first week of September. The months from October till December are quiet pleasant and moderately warm with cool evening temperatures. The winter months fall between December and February and the temperatures can go as low as 2 degrees during the peak winters.
Best Time To Visit
While it is accessible throughout the year, Ranthambore Sanctuary isn’t open for visitors throughout the year. The monsoon months are the breeding season and the park remains closed from June till September. You might want to carry the clothing according to the seasons as summers can be too hot and winters can be too cold. The summer months however are preferred by most tourists as wildlife sightings during the summers are more frequent. The winters are preferred by tourists who cannot bear the extremely dry and hot summer season. Also checkout: 5 Hot Destinations in Ranthambore
Wildlife at Ranthambore National Park
The jungles of Ranthambore are famous since decades for its tiger population and are the best place to see the creatures in their natural environment. Apart from the tigers Ranthambore houses a wide variety of wildlife species and bird species which are endemic to this region.
Animals – Tigers, Leopards, Hyenas, Sambhar Deer, Chital, Hanuman Langur, Nilgai, Macaques, Jungle cats, Jackals, Sloth Bear, Indian Wild Boar, Indian Mole rat, Porcupine, Black Bucks and Common Mongoose etc.
Reptiles – Marsh crocodiles, monitor lizards, tortoise, cobras, common kraits, Ganges Soft-shell turtles, Indian Pythons, Rat snake, Russell’s viper and the Indian chameleon etc.
Distance from Major Cities
- Sawai Madhopur – 12.2 Kilometers
- Jaipur – 146 Kilometers
- Ajmer – 269 Kilometers
- Alwar – 207 Kilometers
- Jodhpur – 446 Kilometers
- Agra – 235 Kilometers
- Delhi – 391 Kilometers
- Lucknow – 578 Kilometers
- Kolkata – 1,492 Kilometers
- Mumbai – 1,119 Kilometers
- Ahmedabad – 653 Kilometers
- Bangalore – 1,808 Kilometers
- Chandigarh – 625 Kilometers
- Hyderabad – 1,331 Kilometers
- Chennai – 1,953 Kilometers
Nearest Airport – The nearest airport to Ranthambore National park is located in the state capital Jaipur which is almost 150 Kilometers away by road. Trains from Jaipur to Sawai Madhopur are available frequently.
Nearest Railway Station – The closest railway station to Ranthambore is the Sawai Madhopur railway station which is accessible via all major cities like Jaipur, Kota and Ajmer etc. and is just 12-13 kilometers away from the park.
Road Accessibility – Sawai Madhopur can be easily reached via bus or taxi from most major cities in Rajasthan with regular buses from Jaipur, Kota and Ajmer.
There is a plethora of accommodation facilities available near Ranthambore however advance bookings are advised if you plan to visit during peak seasons. The service and the hospitality provided in Rajasthan are usually very good with most hotels and people are friendly and helpful. There are various RTDC hotels for the mid-ranged accommodation with simple yet nice facilities.
There is no entry fees for the Safaris and you are only supposed to pay if you carry any sort of video camera. Photographic cameras are allowed free of charge. Useful contacts for bookings and accommodation.
Tel. : +91-7462-223171 , +91-9001576609
RTDC Castle Jhoomar Baori
Tel. : +91 7462 220495
RTDC Hotel Vinayak
Tel. : +91 7462 221333