Desert National Park, Rajasthan

‘There, on the desert land, the rarest take flight over the golden sand!’

The Desert National Park is spread across a huge area of 3100 sq km and is one of the largest national parks in the country. It lies in Jaisalmer, Rajasthan close to the Thar Desert and seems to defy all common notions that deserts don’t support flora and fauna. Well this one is inhabited and frequently visited by some of the rarest and most beautiful birds, reptiles and animals! It supports a unique and fragile ecosystem. The entire area is covered in patches of thorny bushes, cacti, a few plants interspersed with sand dunes lying along the India-Pakistan border. A unique place to discover, this place is haven for bird watchers! It is here that you see life-forms living on the edge with the prevailing harsh conditions of the Thar Desert. So head there, if you want to witness a yet another marvel of nature.

[Also see: Top 100 Wildlife Sanctuaries in India]

Photo by Chinmayisk, CC BY-SA 3.0

Climatic Conditions

As you might expect, the summer season is extremely with temperature reaching upto a whopping 50˚C! The winters offer the much needed respite with temperature staying around 9˚C to 25˚C. During this time, you might need light woollen clothing especially during the night when temperature can fall even lower.

Best Time To Visit

The best time to visit the Desert National Park is from November to March (unless of course, you’re in need of vitamin D)

Wildlife & Vegetation

Even with the bare minimum necessities available, it is simply amazing how life exists here.

  • Animals

Photo by Kitty Terwolbeck, CC BY 2.0

The residents of Desert National Park include the Desert Fox, Bengal Fox, Chinkara, Wolf, Desert Cat, Blackbuck, Hedgehog, Nilgai etc. These are the survivors and the supporters of the fragile ecosystem.

  • Birds

Photo by Flickpicpete, CC BY-ND 2.0

These are the star species of Desert National Park. Over 120 species of resident as well as migratory birds can be found at this park. Since the Bharatpur Sanctuary is also situated nearby, many avian species can be spotted here. The rare Great Indian Bustard is found in good numbers here. Other birds commonly seen here include Patridges, Falcons, Eagles, Vultures, Bee-Eaters, Shrikes, Larks, Demoiselle Crane, Macqueen’s Bustard, Sandgrouse, Long-Legged and Honey Buzzards etc. The bird variety here attracts a lot of tourists from the world over.

  • Reptiles

any a members of the ‘Slytherin’ House’ can be seen crawling in the scorching sun through the golden sand. These include Russell’s Viper, Saw Scaled Viper, Monitor Lizard, Common Krait, Spiny Tailed Lizard, Gecko, Persian Gecko etc.

  • Vegetation

Sandy areas dominate the region of the Desert National Park while and dunes cover only 20% of the area. The vegetation of this barren land is of the semi-arid type with thorny plants and bushes. Patches of sewan grass and calotropis are also found here. Salt bottom lakes, craggy rocks, palm trees can also be spotted here. The lakes providing water to the animals here include Gadsisar, Padam Talao, Rajbaug and Milak lakes.

Distance From Nearby and Major Cities

Desert National Park is close to the city of Jaisalmer, Rajasthan. Distance from this and other major cities as follows:

  • Jaisalmer: 60 km via Jaislmer – Sam – Dhanana Rd
  • Thar Desert: 113 km via via Hanumangarh – Pilibanga – Suratgarh – Anupgarh – Gharsana – Rawala – Khajuwala – Dantor – Godu – Sutharwala – Ramgarh Rd
  • Jodhpur: 335 km via NH 114 and NH 15
  • Ajmer: 538 km via NH 114
  • Udaipur: 541 km via NH 15
  • Gujarat: 734 km via NH 15
  • Jaipur: 606 km via RJ SH 19 and NH 15
  • New Delhi: 820 km via NH 15
  • Agra: 843 km via NH 11 and RJ SH 19
  • Chandigarh, Punjab: 914 km via NH 15
  • Mumbai: 1115 km via NH 8 and NH 15

How To Reach

  • By air: Nearest airport is Jaisalmer airport located 5 km from the city. However, this airport is managed by Indian Air Force is functional only from September to March. Jodhpur airport is located 285 km and is another option. It is well connected to other major cities like Delhi, Agra etc. Nearest international airport is located at New Delhi.
  • By rail: Nearest railway station is Jaisalmer railway station located 2 km from the city.
  • By road: Since it falls under the military region, the Desert National Park is connected to Jaisalmer by well maintained roads. Regular buses run by the Rajasthan State Road Transport Corporation are available. Jeeps can also be booked. Golden bus terminal and roadways are the two main bus stands.

Local Attractions

  • Boat rides in Gadisar Lake are available. It is a blissful experience amidst the scenic beauty of the desert. However, please do not litter in the lake as it is a water source for the locals. You could even find a lot of migratory birds around!
  • The Desert National Park is a bird watcher’s paradise! Go on a birding tour with your buddies and spot the real beauties of nature. The rare Great Indian Bustard is most often sighted around the Sudashri waterhole.
  • The sand dunes in Thar Desert are worth a visit.
  • While you’re here, do go around the colorful city of Jaisalmer! It is well known for jewellery, mirror work, textiles, footwear, woven jackets, antique stonework etc. In case you’re around during March, be a part of the 9-day long Holi Festival.


Private hotels and resorts are available at Jaisalmer. Jeeps can be booked for a day trip to the Desert National Park.

Other Useful Information

  • Entry fee: Rs. 100 per person
  • Jeep/Car fee: Rs. 100
  • Guide Fee: Rs. 200
  • Contact

Desert National Park, Rajasthan, India
Phone: +91-2992-252489

About Rohit

An architect by profession, Rohit Agarwal is a curious traveller, seeking out the minutest detail about the places he travels to, and that’s what one will find in his writings. His writings have appeared in various blogs, he’s currently trying to bring forth as many different places a traveller who shares the same level of curiosity like him would like to visit through his writings.

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