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Complete Guide to Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary, Tamil Nadu

Sathyamangalam wildlife sanctuary is located at the confluence of scenic Western and Eastern Ghats in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in Erode district of Tamil Nadu. Not only it is considered as the biggest protected area in Tamil Nadu, but also it is hailed as the most expansive wildlife sanctuary in South India. It has 1,411 sq. km protected area for tiger reserve contiguous to four other areas – Madumalai National Park, Sigur Plateau, Bandipur National Park and Biligiriranga Swamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary. The terrain is hilly and undulated with altitude ranging between 750m and 1649m.

Photo by Suniltg, CC BY-SA 3.0

Sathyamangalam wildlife sanctuary was set up in 2008 while its area was stretched in 2011 to the present area. Having high population of tigers with as many as 54 tigers, it was declared as fourth Tiger Reserve of the state in 2013. Here tigers coexist with humans (indigenous tribals like Irulars, Soligars). Also hailed as home of the renowned bandit, Veerapan makes this place an equally thrilling experience of its own kind.

Climatic Conditions

The plateau region favours mild and equitable climate to vegetation whereas hot and dry climate persists in the plains. Overall, the sanctuary enjoys a moderate climate. During south west monsoon (June to September), it is subjected to strong winds. Lying in the rain shadow region, the average annual rainfall is 824mm but some variations are common from one place to another.

Best Time to Visit

As the weather is subtropical, the best time to visit this place is from October to January.

Wildlife At Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary

Flora

Out of the 700 species of flora found in Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, more than 60 are considered endemic. Tropical evergreen, mixed deciduous, semi evergreen, dry deciduous and thorn forests are the 5 different forest types found in this region. Riparian forests thrive along the Mayor River (a Perennial water source) – an area of rich biodiversity. Sandal was declared as ‘The Royal Tree’ by Tipu Sultan. This place was notable for its bamboos in the past.

Fauna

Photo by Marjan Lazarevski, CC BY-ND 2.0

The rich diversity of fauna is evident from the following number of species for various categories: larger mammals-40 species, reptiles-30 species, avifauna-225 species, amphibians-15 species, butterflies-85 species and fishes-10 species. Being home to more than 850 Indian elephants with 6 Elephant corridors makes it part of the 7th elephant reserve (Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats Elephant Reserve) and the largest elephant habitat in India. Some of the other notable species include hyena, slender loris, wild boar, sloth bear, civet, jackal, otter, mongoose, blackbuck, barking deer, spotted deer, sambar, four horned antelope, mouse deer, Indian pangolin, porcupine, jungle cat, langur, bonnet macaque, leopard and gaur. Some of the rare birds include- white backed vulture, threatened gyps, woodpecker, brown fish owl etc.

Distance from Nearby and Major Cities

  • Coimbatore – 112 kilometres
  • Ooty – 117 kilometres
  • Bangalore – 225 kilometres
  • Madurai – 295 kilometres
  • Kochi – 309 kilometres
  • Mangalore – 359 kilometres
  • Vellore – 360 kilometres
  • Chennai – 513 kilometres
  • Hyderabad – 799 kilometres
  • Mumbai – 1140 kilometres
  • Kolkata – 2070 kilometres
  • Delhi – 2362 kilometres

Nearest Airport – The nearest airport lies at Coimbatore (80 km), Mysore (123 km) and Bangalore (225 km).

Nearest Railway Station – The nearest railway stations are Coimbatore (75 km), Erode (67 km) and Chamrajnagar (40 km).

Road Accessibility – A part of the sanctuary could be easily approached by Sathyamangalam-Dhimbhum Ghat road which has beautiful 27 hair pin bends. An organised network of national and state expressways has worked wonders for the ease of accessibility to Sathyamangalam. One can also drive from Sathyamangalam through the forest while enjoying the view to reach this place.

Accommodation Facilities

One can avail accommodation at the Government cottages in Dhimbham and Government guest house at Hasanur. One can also opt for accommodation nearby suitable urban communities of Salem or Erode or any Sathyamangalam resorts.

Entry Fee

The entry fee for the forest is Rs. 250.

One comment

  1. Respectable sir,
    I want to stay at your F.R.H (Forest Rest House).
    Can you help me to tell that how I can book it?
    Thank you

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