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Complete Guide to Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary, Bihar

Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is a 50 kilometer stretch of area situated on the river Ganga. The sanctuary is located in the district of Bhagalpur in the state of Bihar. Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary was initiated as a protected area for the conservation of River Dolphins by the government of India in the year 1991. The species of dolphins found in the sanctuary were classified as endangered in the year 2006 by IUCN and intense measures have been taken to ensure their survival and re-population ever since. The span of Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary extends from Kahalgaon in east Bhagalpur to Sultanganj in the west, harboring within it a multitude of aquatic species. The Gangetic Dolphin holds immense significance for India as it is the national aquatic animal of the country and also one of the four species of river dolphins. However, in the past century, the population of these aquatic angels has seen an unsettling decline due to various human-made factors including motorized boats and fishing. The sanctuary serves as a useful resource for the study of these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat.

Photo by Cathy T, CC BY 2.0

Climatic Conditions

Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary experiences warm weather during the summers. The mercury fluctuates around an average of 32 degree Celsius during the month of May, which is the hottest month. Winters are slightly cooler and are comfortable. Average temperature during the coldest month of January is around 17 degree Centigrade. The rains in July bring change in the weather and also a rise in water level with an average of 249 millimeters of rainfall.

The sanctuary remains open throughout the year but the best time to visit is between June and October. Most number of dolphins can be spotted at this time along with numerous birds and marine life.

Wildlife at Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary

There are various aquatic species of flora and fauna found in Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary. Besides Dolphins, other species include Gharial, Indian Smooth Coated Otter and Turtles. One can also spot migratory and residential birds in the area. Inside the river, several species of freshwater shrimps, fish and crustaceans can be observed.

Distance from Nearby and Major Species

  • Patna – 235 km
  • Kolkata – 408 km
  • Dispur – 688 km
  • Bhubaneswar – 731 km
  • Lucknow – 754 km
  • Nagpur – 1230 km
  • Delhi – 1242 km
  • Rishikesh – 1259 km
  • Chennai – 1951 km
  • Mumbai – 1979 km

Nearest Airport

Flights from all over the country connect to Patna, which is the capital of Bihar and also the nearest airport. Located at an approximate distance of 235 kilometers, taxis and buses can be availed till Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary.

Nearest Railway Station

The nearest railway station to Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is located in Bhagalpur. The entrance to the Sanctuary is located approximately 15 kilometers from the railway station and can be accessed via road.

Road Accessibility

The nearest bus terminal is located 15 kilometers away from the sanctuary. There is good road connectivity to Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary and taxis or public transport can be availed with ease.

Accommodation Facilities

Several hotels and guest houses are available in nearby towns that are reasonably priced and also comfortable. Meals, refreshments and entertainment facilities are also within reach.

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