The ancient town of Ropar in the state of Punjab was established somewhere around 11th century AD and was named after the son of the King who ruled the region. The town overlays the Shivalik ranges of the Himalayas and is located at the banks of the River Sutlej. The town is a shadily populated spot famous for being as one of the major excavation sites of the Indus Valley Civilization. Ropar is the first Indus valley excavation site in independent India. The excavations from Ropar have yielded a detailed insight on the Indus valley civilization and the Harappa Culture. On further study of the excavations, the archeologists have deciphered a change of culture with some missing elements. A total of six recognizable cultural changes had taken place.